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Navigating the Different Types of Residence Permits and Visas in Turkey


types of residence permit turkey

Turkey, with its rich cultural heritage, strategic location, and growing economy, attracts people from all over the world. Whether you are planning to stay in Turkey for work, study, or leisure, understanding the various types of residence permits and visas is essential. In this blog, we will explore the different types of residence permits in Turkey, Turkey passport types, and the various types of visas available for entry into the country.

Types of Residence Permits in Turkey

Turkey offers several types of residence permits, each catering to different purposes of stay. Here are the main types:

  1. Short-Term Residence Permit This permit is ideal for those who wish to stay in Turkey for less than one year for purposes such as tourism, business meetings, or property ownership. It is relatively easy to obtain and can be extended if necessary.
  2. Family Residence Permit Granted to foreign nationals who are family members of Turkish citizens or residents, this permit is valid for up to three years. It is available for spouses, children under 18, and dependent adult children.
  3. Student Residence Permit Students enrolled in Turkish educational institutions can apply for this permit. It is valid for the duration of the academic program and can be renewed as needed.
  4. Long-Term Residence Permit For foreigners who have legally resided in Turkey for at least eight years without interruption, the long-term residence permit offers a more permanent solution. It grants the holder rights similar to those of Turkish citizens, excluding voting and military service.
  5. Humanitarian Residence Permit Issued under special circumstances, such as for asylum seekers or individuals needing temporary protection, this permit is valid for one year and can be extended based on the situation.
  6. Human Trafficking Victims Residence Permit Granted to victims of human trafficking, this permit is valid for 30 days and can be extended up to three years, depending on the victim’s cooperation with authorities.

Turkey Passport Types

Turkey issues several types of passports, each serving different categories of citizens and purposes:

  1. Ordinary Passport (Bordo Passport) The most common type, this passport is issued to regular Turkish citizens for general travel purposes.
  2. Special Passport (Yeşil Passport) Issued to civil servants, retired government officials, and their families, this passport allows visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to more countries compared to the ordinary passport.
  3. Service Passport (Gri Passport) Granted to government employees and public servants traveling abroad for official duties, this passport is valid only for the duration of the assignment.
  4. Diplomatic Passport (Siyah Passport) Reserved for Turkish diplomats and their families, this passport provides the highest level of travel privileges and immunities.

Types of Visas for Turkey

Depending on the purpose and duration of your stay, Turkey offers various types of visas:

  1. Tourist/Visitor Visa For those visiting Turkey for tourism, family visits, or short-term business activities. It is usually valid for up to 90 days within a 180-day period.
  2. Business Visa Designed for individuals traveling to Turkey for business meetings, conferences, or trade fairs. It also typically covers stays of up to 90 days.
  3. Student Visa Required for foreign students who wish to study in Turkey. Applicants must first be accepted by a Turkish educational institution.
  4. Work Visa Necessary for foreigners intending to work in Turkey. Applicants must have a job offer from a Turkish employer who will handle the application process.
  5. Research Visa For academics and researchers planning to conduct scientific research or studies in Turkey. Prior permission from the Turkish authorities is required.
  6. Transit Visa Issued to travelers passing through Turkey en route to another country. It is typically valid for a short duration.


Understanding the types of residence permits and visas available in Turkey is crucial for a smooth and successful stay in the country. Whether you are visiting for tourism, business, study, or family reunification, knowing the right type of permit or visa to apply for will ensure compliance with Turkish immigration laws and enhance your experience.

For detailed guidance and assistance with your application, feel free to contact us. We provide comprehensive support to help you navigate the complexities of Turkish residence permits and visas.


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